AWS Elastic Beanstalk


6 min read

AWS Elastic Beanstalk

Today we'll delve into AWS Elastic Beanstalk a powerful yet easy-to-use service that simplifies the deployment and management of applications in the AWS Cloud. Elastic Beanstalk abstracts much of the infrastructure management allowing you to focus on writing code. In this post we'll cover the basics of Elastic Beanstalk, guide you through deploying an application and discuss environment configuration and monitoring.

What is AWS Elastic Beanstalk?

AWS Elastic Beanstalk is a Platform as a Service (PaaS) that enables developers to deploy and manage applications quickly and easily without worrying about the underlying infrastructure. It supports a variety of programming languages and platforms such as Java, .NET, Node.js, PHP, Python, Ruby and Go.

Key Features of AWS Elastic Beanstalk

  1. Ease of Use :- Deploy applications using a web interface, CLI or IDE plugins.

  2. Scalability :- Automatically scales your application up or down based on demand.

  3. Monitoring and Management :- Provides built-in monitoring and health management features.

  4. Flexibility :- Customize the underlying resources (e.g. EC2 instances, load balancers) to meet specific requirements.

  5. Integration with AWS Services :- Seamlessly integrates with other AWS services such as RDS, S3, CloudWatch and more.

Deploying an Application with AWS Elastic Beanstalk

Step 1 :- Prepare Your Application

Before deploying ensure your application is ready and follows the necessary structure for Elastic Beanstalk.

  1. Create a Sample Application :-

    • For this example, let's use a simple Node.js application.
// app.js
const express = require('express');
const app = express();
const port = process.env.PORT || 3000;

app.get('/', (req, res) => {
  res.send('Hello, World!');

app.listen(port, () => {
  console.log(`App running on port ${port}`);
  1. Package the Application :-

    • Zip your application files. Make sure to include app.js and package.json.

Step 2 :- Create an Elastic Beanstalk Environment

  1. Log in to the AWS Management Console.

  2. Navigate to Elastic Beanstalk :-

    • Search for "Elastic Beanstalk" in the AWS services search bar and select it.
  3. Create a New Application :-

    • Click "Create Application".

    • Application Name : Enter a name for your application (e.g. MyNodeApp).

    • Platform : Select "Node.js".

    • Application Code : Choose "Upload your code".

    • Click "Choose File" and upload your zipped application.

  4. Configure Environment :-

    • Environment Name : Enter a name for the environment (e.g. MyNodeApp-env ).

    • Domain : Enter a unique domain prefix (e.g. mynodeapp ).

    • Review the other settings and click "Create environment".

Elastic Beanstalk will now create and configure the necessary AWS resources (e.g. EC2 instances, load balancers) for your application. This process might take a few minutes.

Step 3 :- Access Your Application

  1. Environment Dashboard :-

  2. Test the Application :-

    • Open the provided URL in your web browser.

    • You should see the "Hello, World!" message from your Node.js application.

Environment Configuration

Elastic Beanstalk provides several configuration options to customize your application's environment. These include instance type, scaling options, load balancer settings and more.

Step 4 :- Configure the Environment

  1. Instance Configuration :-

    • Navigate to the "Configuration" tab in the environment dashboard.

    • Click "Edit" next to "Capacity".

    • Instance Type : Select an appropriate instance type based on your application's requirements.

    • Instance Count : Configure the minimum and maximum number of instances for auto-scaling.

    • Click "Apply".

  2. Scaling and Load Balancing :-

    • Click "Edit" next to "Load balancer".

    • Choose the type of load balancer (e.g. Application Load Balancer).

    • Configure health checks and listener ports.

    • Click "Apply".

  3. Software Configuration :-

    • Click "Edit" next to "Software".

    • Configure environment variables, application health checks and other software settings.

    • Click "Apply".

Step 5 :- Customizing the Environment

Elastic Beanstalk allows you to further customize the environment using configuration files (.ebextensions).

  1. Create a Configuration File :-

    • In your application root directory create a folder named .ebextensions.

    • Inside .ebextensions create a file named 01-environment.config.

# .ebextensions/01-environment.config
    MY_ENV_VARIABLE: "my_value"
    NodeCommand: "npm start"
  1. Deploy Configuration Changes :-

    • Repackage your application with the .ebextensions folder and files.

    • Deploy the updated application to Elastic Beanstalk.

Step 6 :- Managing Environment Configuration

  1. Environment Variables :-

    • Use the environment configuration to manage sensitive data and environment-specific settings.

    • Example : Database connection strings, API keys.

  2. Scaling Policies :-

    • Configure auto-scaling policies to manage your application's scaling behavior based on metrics like CPU usage or request count.
  3. Application Versions :-

    • Elastic Beanstalk supports versioning, allowing you to deploy and manage different versions of your application.

Monitoring and Managing Your Application

Elastic Beanstalk provides several tools to monitor and manage your application ensuring it runs smoothly and efficiently.

Step 7 :- Monitoring with CloudWatch

  1. CloudWatch Integration :-

    • Elastic Beanstalk integrates with Amazon CloudWatch for monitoring your application's performance.

    • Navigate to the "Monitoring" tab in your environment dashboard to view metrics such as CPU utilization, request count and latency.

  2. Setting Alarms :-

    • In CloudWatch create alarms to notify you of critical issues.

    • Example : Set an alarm for high CPU utilization to trigger an auto-scaling action.

Step 8 :- Health Monitoring

  1. Health Dashboard :-

    • The Elastic Beanstalk environment dashboard provides an overall health status of your environment.

    • Health statuses include "OK", "Warning", "Degraded" and "Severe".

  2. Health Checks :-

    • Configure health checks for your load balancer to ensure instances are functioning correctly.

    • Customize health check paths to specific application endpoints.

Step 9 :- Logs and Troubleshooting

  1. Viewing Logs :-

    • Access logs directly from the Elastic Beanstalk dashboard.

    • Click "Logs" and choose the log files you want to retrieve (e.g. Last 100 lines, Full logs ).

  2. Log Rotation :-

    • Enable log rotation to automatically rotate and store log files in an S3 bucket for long-term analysis and compliance.
  3. Troubleshooting Common Issues :-

    • Use logs and health status information to diagnose and resolve common issues such as application crashes, failed deployments and performance bottlenecks.

Step 10 :- Application Updates and Maintenance

  1. Rolling Updates :-

    • Elastic Beanstalk supports rolling updates allowing you to deploy new versions of your application without downtime.

    • Configure rolling update policies in the environment settings.

  2. Blue/Green Deployments :-

    • For zero-downtime deployments use blue/green deployment strategies.

    • Create a new environment (green) with the updated application version and switch traffic from the old environment (blue) to the new one.

  3. Environment Backups :-

    • Regularly back up your environment configuration and data.

    • Use Elastic Beanstalk's snapshot feature to create backups of your environment.


AWS Elastic Beanstalk simplifies the deployment and management of applications by abstracting the underlying infrastructure. In this blog post we covered the basics of Elastic Beanstalk including deploying a Node.js application, configuring the environment and monitoring and managing the application. By leveraging Elastic Beanstalk's features and best practices you can efficiently deploy and scale your applications in the AWS cloud.

Stay tuned for more insights and best practices in our upcoming blog posts.

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Sudha Yadav